Hometown: Mumbai Age: 63 Years Wife: Kalpana Das
|Full name||Dhananjaya Yeshwant Chandrachud Live Law|
|Profession||Judge of Supreme Court of India|
|Designation(s)||• Additional Solicitor General (1998 to 2000)
• Judge of Bombay High Court (29 March 2000 – 30 October 2013)
• 45th Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court (31 October 2013 – 12 May 2016)
• Judge of Supreme Court of India (13 May 2016 – 9 November 2022)
• 50th Chief Justice of India (9 November 2022- 10 November 2024)
|Notable Judgement(s)||Right to Privacy Verdict
A landmark decision by the SC in Justice K. S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) & Anr. vs Union Of India & Ors. (2017) case upheld that the right to privacy was protected as an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 and as a part of the freedoms guaranteed by Part III of the Constitution. To quote from the judgment
“Dignity cannot exist without privacy. Both reside within the inalienable values of life, liberty and freedom which the Constitution has recognised. Privacy is the ultimate expression of the sanctity of the individual. It is a constitutional value which straddles across the spectrum of fundamental rights and protects for the individual a zone of choice and self-determination.”
The judgment authored by him (with 3 other judges, Justice J.S. Khehar, Justice R.K. Agarwal, and Justice S. Abdul Nazeer) in the Puttaswamy judgment featured a section titled “discordant notes.” The section featured two Supreme Court decisions, the first being the judgment in ADM Jabalpur v Shivakant Shukla (1976) decision and the second case was Suresh Kumar Koushal v. Naz Foundation (2013). In the Suresh Kumar Koushal v. Naz Foundation (2013), a two-judge Supreme Court bench reinstated Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code which criminalized homosexuality. DY Chandrachud’s judgement came down heavily on Justice Singhvi’s judgment in the Koushal case. To quote from the judgment
“The right to privacy and the protection of sexual orientation lie at the core of the fundamental rights guaranteed by Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the constitution… [LGBT] rights are not so-called but are real rights founded on sound constitutional doctrine. They inhere in the right to life. They dwell in privacy and dignity. They constitute the essence of liberty and freedom. Sexual orientation is an essential component of identity. Equal protection demands protection of the identity of every individual without discrimination.”
Secondly, his judgment authored by him also overturned Justice Y.V. Chandrachud’s (DY Chandrachud’s father’s) judgment in ADM Jabalpur v Shivakant Shukla (1976), who had agreed with the majority in holding that citizens’ fundamental rights could be suspended during the Emergency.
Decriminalising Section 377
Screening of the Bhobishyoter Bhoot
UPSC Jihad Case
Expanding the Concept of Family
2018 Suicide Abetment Case
Quashing the Adultery Law
Equal Roles for Women in the Army
Love Jihad: Hadiya case
|Notable Dissent(s)||Constitution of a Special Investigation Team to Probe the 2018 Bhima Koregaon Violence
In Romila Thapar & Ors. v. Union of India & Ors, Justice Chandrachud dissented with the majority which refused to constitute a Special Investigation Team to probe the case concerning the arrest of five activists in connection with the 2018 Bhima Koregaon violence.
Petitions Against Sabarimala Verdict
The Aadhaar Judgment
|Date of Birth||11 November 1959 (Wednesday)|
|Age (as of 2022)||63 Years|
|Birthplace||Bombay, Bombay State, India (now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)|
|School||• Cathedral and John Connon School, Mumbai
• St. Columba’s School, Delhi
|College/University||• St Stephen’s College, New Delhi, India
• Faculty of Law at the University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
• Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
|Educational Qualification||• BA (Hons.) in Economics at St Stephen’s College, New Delhi, India (1979)
• LLB at the Faculty of Law at the University of Delhi, New Delhi, India (1982)
• LLM from Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US (1983)
• Doctorate in Juridical Sciences (SJD) at Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US (1986) NALSA
Note: He availed the prestigious Inlaks Scholarship to study at Harvard Law School. He is a recipient of the Joseph H Beale prize.
|Caste||Deshastha Rigvedi Brahmin Law Insider|
|Controversies||Alleged Misuse of Office
Ahead of his imminent elevation as CJI in 2022, DY Chandrachud was accused of misusing his official position in a case which was purportedly connected with proceedings in which his son had appeared before the Bombay High Court. . The complainants, Rashid Khan Pathan and two other persons, had lodged the complaint with the President of India and others; R K Pathan is claimed to be the chief of the so-called ‘Supreme Court and High Court Litigant Association. However, the Bar Council of India said that the country and the Bar had complete faith in Chandrachud and condemned the letter of R K Pathan as a “deliberate attempt to malign Indian judiciary.” The Indian Express
|Relationships & More|
|Children||Son– Chintan Chandrachud (advocate), Abhinav Chandrachud (advocate)|
|Parents||Father– Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud (16th Chief Justice of India)
Mother– Prabha Chandrachud (classical musician)
Note: Y. V. Chandrachud is the longest-serving Chief Justice in India, who served for a tenure of 7 years and 4 months i.e, 2696 days.
|Cricketer(s)||Virat Kohli, Sunil Gavaskar, Sachin Tendulkar, Garfield Sobers, Viv Richards, Clive Lloyd, Andy Roberts, Michael Holding, Joel Garner, Malcolm Marshall, Dennis Lillee, Jeff Thomson|
|Song(s)||Fly On by Coldplay, Despacito by Luis Fonsi|
Some Lesser Known Facts About DY Chandrachud
- DY Chandrachud is an Indian lawyer and Judge of the Supreme Court of India who will assume as the 50th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India on 9 November 2022. From 31 October 2013 to 12 May 2016, he served as the 45th Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court, and from 29 March 2000 to 30 October 2013, he served as the Judge of the Bombay High Court.
- After his LLB in 1982, he worked as a junior prosecutor for a while during which he assisted various lawyers and judges. He also drafted some briefs for advocate Fali Sam Nariman.
- Thereafter, he moved to the US, where he worked at the law firm Sullivan and Cromwell LLP following his graduation from Harvard.
- After returning to India, he started practising at the Supreme Court of India and the Bombay High Court.
- In June 1998, he was designated as a Senior Advocate by the Bombay High Court.
- Thereafter, he appeared in several important cases involving public interest litigation (PIL), rights of bonded women workers, rights of HIV-positive workers, contract labour and rights of religious and linguistic minorities. He has represented several public bodies including the Reserve Bank of India, Port Trusts, Municipal Corporations, and Universities.
- He was also appointed by Supreme Court to submit a report on the state of Bombay Benches.
- He taught International Law at Oklahoma University, USA. Besides, he also worked as visiting professor of comparative constitutional law at the University of Bombay from 1988 to 1997. Apart from that, he has delivered lectures at the Australian National University, Harvard Law School, Yale Law School, and the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa.
- He started serving as a judge at the Bombay High Court on 29 March 2000 until his appointment as Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court on 31 October 2013. During this time, he also held the position of Director of the Maharashtra Judicial Academy.
- He became the executive chairman of the National Legal Services Authority in 2022.
- He has served as the Chairperson of the e-Committee of the Supreme Court of India.
- On 11 October 2022, the Chief Justice of India U.U. Lalit nominated Justice D.Y. Chandrachud as his successor. With this appointment, history was created in the Indian judiciary as D.Y. Chandrachud and his father, Y V Chandrachud, became the father-son duo to have served as CJIs.
- In an interview, he revealed that he was an avid music lover, and would DJ during his college days.
|↑4||The Indian Express|